Turf Toe

At Premier Orthopedic Specialists of Tulsa, we recognize the impact of Turf Toe and its effect on athletes and active individuals. This comprehensive guide provides vital information about this condition, including its causes, symptoms, precise diagnosis, effective treatment, and essential prevention strategies.

Understanding Turf Toe:

Turf Toe is a sprain of the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint at the base of the big toe. It typically occurs when the toe is hyperextended, causing damage to the ligaments and soft tissues in the joint.

Causes of Turf Toe:

Turf Toe can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Hyperextension: Forceful upward bending of the big toe beyond its normal range of motion, often during sports activities.
  • Inadequate Footwear: Shoes with insufficient support can increase the risk of Turf Toe.
  • Playing Surface: Hard playing surfaces, especially artificial turf, can contribute to this injury.

Common Symptoms:

Recognizing the symptoms of Turf Toe is crucial for timely intervention. Patients may experience:

  • Pain: Discomfort at the base of the big toe, which may be sharp or aching.
  • Swelling: Inflammation and swelling around the injured joint.
  • Limited Mobility: Difficulty bending or putting weight on the affected toe.
  • Bruising: Visible discoloration due to blood vessel damage.


Accurate diagnosis is essential for creating an effective treatment plan. Our experienced specialists employ a combination of methods, including physical examinations, discussing your medical history, and possibly imaging (X-rays or MRI). This helps us determine the extent of the injury and the best approach for recovery.

Advanced Treatment Options:

Premier Orthopedic Specialists of Tulsa offers advanced treatment strategies for Turf Toe:

  • Rest and Immobilization: Mild cases may respond well to rest, ice, compression, and elevation (R.I.C.E.) along with wearing a stiff-soled shoe to limit toe movement.
  • Physical Therapy: Exercises and rehabilitation to regain strength and mobility.
  • Bracing or Taping: Providing additional support to the affected toe.
  • Surgical Intervention: In severe cases, surgical repair may be necessary.


To prevent Turf Toe, consider the following strategies:

  • Proper Footwear: Wear shoes that provide adequate support for the foot and toe.
  • Field Conditions: Be cautious when playing on hard or artificial turf surfaces.
  • Strength and Conditioning: Strengthening the foot and toe muscles can help prevent injury.
  • Awareness: Pay attention to proper form and technique during sports and activities to avoid overextending the big toe.

Your Path to Recovery and Prevention:

Turf Toe can be a setback, but Premier Orthopedic Specialists of Tulsa is dedicated to helping you recover and prevent future occurrences. Our personalized treatment plans, guided by our expertise, ensure you receive the best care throughout your journey to foot health.

Turf Toe requires specialized care, and Premier Orthopedic Specialists of Tulsa is here to provide comprehensive insights, accurate diagnostics, and customized treatment plans. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and take the first step toward recovery and injury prevention.